This section describes the key actions that should be taken before a disaster happens, to ensure that ActionAid, partners and, most importantly, the communities we work with, are ready.
Disaster preparedness is a process of increasing capacity to effectively anticipate, reduce potential damage, respond to, and recover from the impacts of likely, imminent or current hazard events or conditions.
Disaster preparedness is ensuring that information, skills and knowledge, infrastructure, materials, institutions, linkages, policy and funding are available at LRP/partner, local government and organisational levels.
Disaster preparedness is required at three levels – institutional, national and community level.
Key elements of ActionAid’s preparedness planning process are:
capacity-building with staff members, local partners and communities
developing, institutionalising and putting into practice a preparedness plan at the community, regional and national level
building strong links with other actors on preparedness and response locally, regionally and globally
monitoring and reviewing.
Disaster preparedness plans need to be integrated with ActionAid’s regular planning and budgeting processes, and should be reviewed on an annual basis.
People living in poverty and exclusion are constantly vulnerable to disasters, and poverty reduction efforts are incomplete without reducing this vulnerability. All ActionAid members in countries vulnerable to disasters (countries assessed in IHART’s analysis as high risk in terms of likelihood and impact of natural disasters and/or conflict) are therefore expected to have disaster preparedness plans in place.
The purpose of a preparedness plan is to make sure that communities, partners and ActionAid can develop the necessary skills, resources, information, systems and structures to effectively prepare for disasters, to reduce their impact and respond more efficiently. It should guide the process of preparing for disasters and should also provide guidance on what the organisation will do when a disaster happens.Continue Reading…